- What are Stretch Marks?
- Types of Stretch Marks:
- How to get rid of stretch marks at home?
- How to get rid of Stretch Marks Naturally?
- How to get rid of stretch marks fast?
What are Stretch Marks?
About 80% of women have stretch marks at some point in their lives. This occurs most often at the time of pregnancy. They occur when the skin undergoes a strong and brutal stretch resulting in a tearing of the elastic fibres. This is a guide about how to get rid of stretch marks.
Remember that stretch marks, although ugly, do not pose a danger to your health. Taking initially the form of long red streaks when they are “immature”, they gradually lose this hue as the skin heals. Once “mature”, the stretch marks have a pearly white colour. In other words, they naturally lose their purple-red hue when the inflammation has passed, and fade on their own with time.
How are they formed?
The skin is made of elastic fibers that ensure the suppleness of the skin and its elasticity. These fibers are located deep inside the dermis. Following a strong stretch of the skin, these fibers can break.
This often happens in adolescence when young girls are growing, but especially during pregnancy when the skin is put to the test. Stretch marks also occur in people who gain or lose weight quickly. Moreover, too repetitive variations of weight (succession of weight loss and gains) increase the risk of appearance of stretch marks.
The quality of the skin also has a lot of influence. More precisely, a thin, fragile and inflexible skin will be less resistant. This quality can be altered by an excess of cortisol or corticosteroids that will block the fibroblasts. These produce collagen which is essential for the elasticity of the skin. In other words, being blocked, the fibroblasts will produce less collagen and the skin will be more rigid. Elastic fibers can break more easily, resulting in stretch marks.
Men are also victims of stretch marks although far less frequently. However, stretch marks can appear after weight loss or gain, excessive hormones or excessive sports and more specifically bodybuilding.
Stretch marks are not dangerous for health. But their shape of elongated streaks makes them particularly unsightly.
Types of Stretch Marks:
Red stretch marks can be distinguished from white stretch marks. The first corresponds to the first stage of development when the stretch marks have just arrived. Following inflammation of the skin, the stretch marks then have a colour that can go from red to purple. Then, as the skin regenerates, the stretch marks become lighter and turn white.
Red stretch marks
The skin contains elastic fibers that play an essential role in the suppleness of the skin and in its elasticity. When the skin is stretched, some of these fibers can break. This creates a sag on the surface of the skin called stretch marks.
An excess of cortisol hormone or corticosteroids also promotes the tearing of elastic fibers. Indeed, these hormones will come block the fibroblasts responsible for the production of collagen. The latter being an essential element for the elasticity of the skin.
Because of the inflammation that results from the tearing of the fibers, the stretch marks first have a color close to red and can tend towards the violet. Over time, stretch marks lose that red hue, and turn white.
Purple or violet stretch marks
Part of the initial coloration may develop into purple stretch marks, which usually means that stretch marks have been present for several months. But the basic reason is the same.
One of the most important things you should know about the appearance of these dark streaks is that it is the best time to start looking for a treatment to reduce the damage and discoloration of the skin.
White stretch marks
Any stretch marks appearing on the skin initially have a color ranging from red to purple. This color is due to the inflammation that accompanies the appearance of stretch marks. It should be known that these striations are caused by a rupture of the elastic fibers found in the deep dermis. More precisely, it is the fibroblasts that will break. These are connective tissue support cells that play a vital role in the elasticity of the skin by producing collagen. When they are red, they are called “immature” stretch marks.
Nature is a great healer, the skin will regenerate and gradually the cracks of stretch marks will heal and lose the red color. This process can take a few months to more than a year. Some stretch marks will disappear completely, and the most stubborn will eventually take a pearly white color. This is called “mature” stretch marks.
How to get rid of stretch marks at home?
Do stretch marks go away? If you notice the appearance of stretch marks, the first reflex is to consult your dermatologist. He is the most competent to explain the causes and to help you mitigate the effects. It will guide you in particular in the choice of a treatment.
The skin is a very sensitive area that is often the first barrier to external elements. In other words, you must always pay close attention to what you apply to your skin. As such it is better you favor natural treatments and to avoid chemicals solutions.
Natural treatments to get rid of stretch marks take the form of creams or oils. Note that depending on your skin, a solution that works in one person does not always have the same effect on another type of skin.
Anti-stretch mark creams
The cream can moisturize the skin, strengthen and soften it. Anti-stretch mark creams also have the ability to fight against inflammation. Ultimately, this type of treatment can accelerate the process of healing stretch marks while reducing and stopping their development. It is a good answer to how to get rid of old stretch marks.
Natural creams are based on active plant ingredients. Among the best anti stretch mark solutions, Mustela cream is one of the most effective. It acts according to 5 actions – prevention of stretch marks, reduction of stretch marks, improvement of the elasticity of the skin, reduction of skin inflammations and hiding scars. Apply by massaging the skin so that the cream can penetrate deeply.
How to get rid of Stretch Marks Naturally?
If you cannot find the right cream or oil, if you want to save money, or if you want to fully control the ingredients you apply to your skin, know that there are home remedies for stretch marks that you can concoct yourself.
Almond oil and coconut oil:
Mixing these two oils promotes the elasticity of the skin. Half a spoon of sweet almond oil mixed with half a spoon of coconut oil to be applied 2-3 times a week. You can also include half a spoon of lemon juice and half a spoon of sugar.
2. Potato Juice:
Although it may sound strange to you, potato juice is rather effective against stretch marks. Apply morning and evening and allow to dry. Then, when the juice is dry, you must rinse your skin with cold water.
3. Lemon, avocado and honey:
For this treatment, you need a tablespoon, honey and lemon juice and a half of avocado. Crush and mix the different ingredients until you obtain a homogeneous paste that you must apply on stretch marks. Repeat the operation 2 to 3 times a week as it is one of the best way to get rid of stretch marks.
How to get rid of stretch marks fast?
If the stretch marks are very visible and embarrassing there are alternative solutions which are very fast acting.
The advantage of these treatments is that they can remove all the stretch marks that do not respond to creams and oils. However, these treatments are much more expensive and like any cosmetic surgery or repair surgery, they can leave scars.
Can you get rid of stretch marks?
Certainly possible with help of modern medicine and surgery. It is essential that you discuss this with your doctor and dermatologist. There are 4 possible interventions: laser, light pulses by LED, peeling and cosmetic surgery.
This is a recurring practice in the field of dermatology. Indeed, the laser is able to erase most marks of skin whether it is redness, tattoo or acne scars.
It is therefore relatively effective in reducing the redness of stretch marks. You will need several sessions to permanently eliminate traces of stretch marks.
It is a solution similar to the laser. The traces are eliminated using LED pulses that concentrate a significant heat to erase most marks, including stretch marks. Several sessions are also necessary to obtain significant results.
The LED light pulse is known to promote collagen production and stimulate fibroblasts for softer and more resilient skin. The principle is partly inspired by photosynthesis, a process that allows some plants to feed on the sun’s rays to grow.
Also called dermabrasion or microdermabrasion, the peeling consists of superficially burning the skin marked with an acid. Thus, the trace will be erased and the skin will regenerate. This is a relatively effective solution against stretch marks. However, the first results are often visible after several months.
Aesthetic or restorative surgery
It is aimed at people who are severely disabled by their stretch marks, that is to say, a minority of cases. Relatively expensive, surgery nevertheless allows the elimination of all traces of stretch marks.
It leaves one or more very discreet scars. There are two techniques: local injections or removal of the skin.
Stretch marks are not a health problem in themselves, but they may be indicative of an underlying health problem related to increased cortisol production. It is for this reason that in case of emergence out of a context of pregnancy or weight gain and weight, it is important to consult your doctor. For all “classic” stretch marks, it is especially their unsightly appearance that is worrying and can ruin your daily life. A healthy lifestyle, moisturizing care and appropriate consultation if necessary with your dermatologist will be your best allies to fight these nasty stretch marks. They can even fade to become almost invisible.